Roundel with Saint Marc’s Lion
The iconographic type of the Virgin and Child with Saint Anne arose during the thirteenth century. The sculptor of this work, who seems to have been from Castile, portrayed the two holy women in a frontal view: Saint Anne is holding a flower-shaped sceptre in her right hand, while the Virgin Mary with her Child is sitting in her lap. The head of the Christ Child is turned slightly to one side, which softens what is otherwise a strictly frontal composition. Fragments of the paint layers from the medieval period were revealed during the restoration of the statue. However, the original painted surface had not survived in entirety. For this reason, at the bottom of Saint Anne’s cloak the next layer of paint, stemming from the sixteenth century, has been kept. Features of the Romanesque tradition include heavy contouring of the eyes and reddening of the faces. In contrast, the soft pleating of the draperies is a hallmark of the Gothic style.
This record is subject to revision due to ongoing research.