Roman Emperor: Augustus
29 × 48 × 4 cm, 14 kg
|On view||This artwork is on view at the permanent exhibition|
Although Giovan Francesco Rustici did not have any formal apprenticeship, his Preaching of Saint John the Baptist over the northern gate of the Florence
Baptistery is a masterpiece that ranks him among the greatest Italian sculptors. The Budapest shallow relief (rilievo schiacciato) was inspired by Donatello’s
(1386/1387−1466) work of the same subject dating from a century before, while Rustici borrowed some of its details from paintings by Paolo Uccello (ca. 1397−1475) and Sandro Botticelli (1444 or 1445−1510), and evoked antiquity by including the Pantheon. The rearing horse of Saint George reflects Leonardo’s (1452−1519) invention, exemplified by the famous bronze Horse and Rider in Budapest. These sophisticated references were principally addressed to humanists from the sculptor’s circle.
This record is subject to revision due to ongoing research.