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recto: The Pentecost Bohemian Master


Bohemian Master early 15th century

Date ca. 1400
Object type drawing
Medium, technique recto: tempera, gold on parchment; verso: Indian ink

151 × 157 mm

Inventory number 3107
Collection Prints and Drawings
On view This artwork is not on display

The International Gothic of the 1400s conquered every important court in Europe. This was the golden age of Prague, the new capital of the Holy Roman Empire. Thanks to the lavish liturgy of the wealthy Czech monasteries, many magnificent codices were produced during this period. Made in 1414, the highly decorated, multi-volume Antiphonal and Gradual (collections of the texts and songs of the liturgy) of the Sedlec Monastery, near Kutná Hora have survived only in fragments. Only nine separate miniatures of the dismantled books come down to us; eight of these are preserved at the Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest. Framed with a golden border, this ‘S’ initial once stood before the psalm that introduced the Pentecostal prayers of the Antiphonal. Referred to as the Master of the Gerona Martyrology, the Prague illuminator masterly combined the observation of nature characteristic of contemporary French miniatures with the lyric sensitivity of the beautiful style and the graceful elegance of its ornamentation.

Text: © Zoltán Kárpáti, 2015

This record is subject to revision due to ongoing research.

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